Autor: Beezy Marsh Fuente: Daily Mail (London)

CHILDREN should be told to say No to sex to help stop the spread of infections, a Government agency said yesterday.
The warning effectively reverses decades of liberal 'safe sex' education which campaigners fear has encouraged under-age sex and the rise of infections with the potential to damage fertility.
Now schools may be pushed to include abstinence messages in sex education lessons.
The rethink follows an outcry over schools creating a licence for promiscuity by handing out free condoms and making the morning-after pill available to pupils as young as 11.
The warning came from the Health Development Agency, which advises Ministers on public health policies.
Professor Mike Kelly, the agency's director of research and information, said: 'We haven't been good enough at helping young people.
'There is a hidden problem of chlamydia, which is something we have to stand up and take notice of. It is no t rocket science. It is not just about sex - it is about relationships.
'It is okay to say No but you need to know how to say "No.' He added: 'You need to help them work things through long before they get to that position. If they are going to say Yes, we need to help them minimise the risk.'
In a review of studies into how to stop the spread of sexually transmitted infections, the agency concluded that saying No and avoiding 'risky' situations had a part to play.
Teenagers should feel confident to refuse to sex and to resist pressure from partners, its report said.
This marks a shift away from the long-standing assumption behind Government-backed sex education which has relied largely on the assumption that children will be able to protect themselves using condoms.
The Parliamentary Health Select Committee has already warned that urgent measures are needed. Rates of diseases including chlamydia, which often remains symptomless until fertility is harmed, have soared to unprecedented levels.
One in ten 16 to 19-year-olds carries the infection, which is passed on through unprotected sex and can cause ectopic pregnancies and damage fertility.
Among under-16s who are sexually active, the rate is even higher - at 13.8 per cent.
Cases of gonorrhoea rose by 10 per cent in males aged 16 to 24 between 2001 and 2002, with 7,026 infected.
In teenage girls, the disease - which can damage the Fallopian tubes - rose by six per cent in 2002, with 2,758 infections.
Teenage pregnancy rates in the UK are among the highest in the developed world.
There were 31 births per 1,000 girls aged 15 to 19 in 1998, although the rate has been falling. A recent study found some underage girls see having a baby as a 'career choice'.
The number of girls having underage sex has doubled in the last ten years, according to official reports.
The Government's chief medical officer, Professor Sir Liam Donaldson, has been criticise d for failing to promote abstinence, saying 'evidence does not exist to suggest such approaches are effective'.
The agency's review conceded that there was not yet enough evidence - but still recommended teaching children to say No as part of a new approach.
Abstinence programmes have already been adopted by many American states.
Research published in the Journal of Health Communication found that one scheme in Monroe County, New York, had a positive impact.
After three years of teaching to all nine to 14-year-olds, the rate of students saying they had sex by the age of 15 fell from 47 to 32 per cent.
Pregnancy rates fell faster among 15 to 17-year-old girls than in surrounding counties.
Other states teach the Abstinence Plus scheme, which encourages abstinence and gives advice on contraception for those who want to have sex. It is thought the UK may take a similar approach.
The agency will now work with the Government to ensure its recommendation s are put into practice.
Last night, Robert Whelan, of the campaign group Family and Youth Concern, said: 'This is a complete breakthrough.
'If you want young people to avoid STIs then the safest way of doing that is to abstain from sex. Children are not effective users of condoms.'
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